Lentil is well-adapted as a stubble crop in the Dark Brown soil zone when soil moisture reserves are adequate. The Dark Brown soil zone’s growing season is long enough to accommodate more indeterminate lentil varieties. The Thin Black soil zone provides adequate soil moisture reserves for successful lentil production. However, the shorter growing season limits production to determinate varieties (Persian type).
Young lentil seedlings have some tolerance to above-ground damage caused by spring frosts, heat canker. Regrowth can start from buds or nodes that remain underground during early growth stages, although this later development will result in later crop maturity.
The Black and Grey Wooded soil zones receive excess precipitation for top-quality lentil production. Excess soil moisture delays maturity and encourages disease. These soil zones have growing seasons that are not suited for top quality lentil production.
- lentil will not tolerate flooding or salinity
- the plant is moderately drought tolerant, needing 6 to 8 inches of precipitation for optimum yields
- lentil requires a soil pH from 6.0 to 8.0
- high moisture promotes excess vegetative growth, prolongs maturity, reduces seed yield and encourages the development of disease